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LOWELL HERB CO. CANNABIS GLOSSARY

Education

LOWELL HERB CO. CANNABIS GLOSSARY

By Bianca Blanche

Beta-Caryophyllene: β-Caryophyllene is a terpene commonly found in black pepper, cloves, rosemary, cinnamon and other essential oils. β-Caryophyllene has a spicy aroma and is the only known terpene in cannabis to directly work with the human body’s endocannabinoid system. This powerful terpene helps relieve pain, inflammation and depression. 

Blunt: A vehicle for consumption in which a cigar has been hollowed out and replaced with cannabis flower. Blunts are usually larger and heavier than your average pre-roll.

Bong: A smoking device with a water filtration system that is typically made out of glass. There’s a long chamber for ice to help “cool down” the smoke before it reaches the consumer thus resulting in a smoother, more pleasant inhale. 

Bowl: The deep groove within a pipe where you place the crumbled bud for smoking.

Bud: Another word for the flower produced by the cannabis plant. The bud or flower is harvested and cured prior to medical and recreational consumption. 

Bubbler: Similar to yet smaller than a bong; the bubbler is a handheld glass device for cannabis consumption. A bubbler also uses a water filter system but is less complex than a bong. 

Bubble Hash: A concentrated form of cannabis in which the trichomes and cannabinoids from the bud’s surface are extracted through the use of ice water and “bubble bags”. The trichomes pass through a screening process until they’re all that’s left from the original plant matter. 

Budtender: The budtender plays an integral role in the cannabis industry. A budtender or patient consultant is employed by the dispensary to carefully assist every customer and ensure they receive the correct product or medication to best aid them and their individual needs. 

Cannabinoids: The marvelously complex and incredibly beneficial active compounds within the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids, along with terpenes, are responsible for the effect from each strain and play a huge role in communicating with the human endocannibinoid system. The most popular cannabinoids today are THC and CBD but there are over a hundred active cannabinoids in this plant.

Cannabis: A type of plant known for its psychoactive and medicinal properties. Cannabis is divided into several subspecies know as C. sativa, C. indica and C. ruderalis. 

Cartridge: A container for cannabis oil (usually made from glass or plastic) that connects to a vape pen for fast, easy and discreet consumption.

CBD (Cannabidiol): CBD is the most popular non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis and industrial hemp. Its medicinal properties include anti-anxiety, anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, among many others. CBD has a calming effect, reduces blood pressure and can be used as an effective antioxidant.

CBG-A (Cannabigerol Acid): CBG-A is the initial compound produced by the plant and births all sequential cannabinoids once CBG-A is exposed to heat or ultraviolet light. CBG-A is non-psychoactive when consumed.

CBG (Cannabigerol): CBG is a rare, minor cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. Although uncommon, CBG is extremely important since it’s the parent to all other cannabinoids. 

CBN (Cannabinol): CBN is a cannabinoid that occurs naturally with the aging of the flower. Basically, it’s the aftereffect of aged THC. When this cannabinoid increases in potency it might be used as an effective sleep aid due to its extremely sedative properties.

Clone: A clone is a smaller “copy” of a specific plant. Cannabis clones are created by “cutting” a piece from the parent or “mother” plant and allowing it to sprout roots of its own for future cultivation. 

Concentrates: Concentrates are exactly what they sound like. They’re the concentrated form of cannabis made through solventless, mechanical processes that come in a variety of textures such as kief, rosin and hash.

Crutch: A small handmade filter made of rolled paper or carton and is used as the mouthpiece of a pre-roll. 

Curing: Method of drying recently cut cannabis. This part of the cultivation process is extremely delicate and must be done properly in order to remove moisture while still retaining the plant’s cannabinoid and terpene profiles. Improper curing can lead to dangerous mold within the bud. 

Decarboxylation: The action of exposing cannabis to heat. This process changes THC-A (and other non-psychoactive compounds) into THC (and other psychoactive compounds). 

DELTA-8 (Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol): Very closely related to THC, Delta-8 is a cannabinoid great for protecting neurons, reducing nausea and stimulating appetite.  

Dispensary: A brick and mortar retail establishment where consumers can legally purchase dried flower and other cannabis infused items such as edibles, concentrates and topicals. 

Dose: The recommended amount per serving of cannabis and other cannabis-derived products. 

Edibles: Cannabis infused foods and beverages suitable for human consumption. 

Eighth: A common weight measurement used to purchase cannabis. An eighth of an ounce equals to 3.5 grams of bud. 

Endocannabinoid System (ECS) - The ECS is a biological network made up of endocannabinoids; aka the neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors once phytocannabinoids are introduced to this system. This diverse structure is composed of multiple organs located throughout the human body. Its main purposes are to keep the body in homeostasis; modify brain functioning and regulate the endocrine system. 

Entourage Effect: A widely used term to describe the powerful medicinal occurrence derived from using all of the cannabinoids together, rather than isolating a single one.

Extracts: Extracts are a specific type of concentrate that use a chemical solvent like butane, ethanol or propane to strip the cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids from the plant while removing any undesirable compounds found in the vegetative material as well.

Flavonoids: The bioactive compounds found in cannabis and thousands of other flowers, fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids bestow color to the plants and act as a protectant against environmental threats. Flavonoids specific to cannabis are called cannaflavins. 

Full Spectrum : Extraction process which entails preserving as much of the plant’s natural profile, as possible.

Genotype: The unique genetic code or genetic makeup of any living organism. 

Greenhouse: A building made of glass created to cultivate plants while protecting them from colder weather. A greenhouse traps the heat from natural sunlight in order for its plants to grow consistently throughout the year. 

Grinder: An instrument typically made of metal used to shred the cured bud into smaller, smokeable pieces. 

Hash: Form of concentrated cannabis meant to be smoked and usually of darker pigmentation. Traditionally made into a crumble but can also be made into an oil format.

Hemp: A non-psychoactive subspecies of the C. sativa plant which contains both CBD and THC in its genetic profile. However, the male plant (aka hemp) has a THC content that is usually under .3% while its CBD potency is much higher.

Humulene: Humulene is a very common terpene also found in sage and basil. Some studies have referred to humulene having a “hoppy” fragrance since it’s also very common in hops.

Hybrid: A type of cannabis that’s comprised of a mixture of other cannabis genetics, resulting in an entirely new strain. Hybrids tend to produce a more balanced high, although most will either lean more indica or sativa overall. 

Hydroponics: A method of cultivation without the use of soil. Instead, the plant’s roots are supported by gravel, perlite, clay pellets, etc and directly immersed in a nutrient-rich, water based solution. 

Indica: One of the three cannabis species, C. indica is widely known for its sedative body high. Great for pain relief or just relaxing, indica strains are ideal for chilling out.

Indoor Grow: Designed for growing cannabis, an indoor grow is a controlled environment situated within a building or entirely underground. This type of operation usually yields more consistent results than greenhouses do.  

Joint: A mechanism of consumption in the form of a cannabis cigarette rolled in paper. 

Kief: Crystalized residue from the ground cannabis bud; kief is extremely potent and comes in a powdery consistency. Kief is typically stored at the bottom of a grinder - also known as a kief catcher. Add kief to your joints or bong for a more powerful high. 

Limonene: Limonene is a common terpene found in the rinds of most citrus fruit. This particular terpene gives certain cannabis strains that delightfully fruity taste and smell. Recent studies demonstrate Limonene’s capability to enhance its consumer’s mental health; specifically helpful with anxiety and other obsessive behavior. 

Linalool: Linalool is the prominent terpene encountered in lavender. Linalool is known for its sedative and anti-microbial properties. Linalool is great for pain therapy and has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. 

Live Resin: A type of concentrate that’s derived by cryogenically freezing the whole raw plant, sifting the frozen plant matter through ice water and then applying extreme pressure to its crystalized remains.

Marijuana: A common term for cannabis. However, the label is more controversial than you think. In the early 1900’s, the term “Marijuana” was originally used to disparage the plant’s medicinal qualities and villainize its consumers based on race; specifically among Black and Latino communities. 

Myrcene: Myrcene is the most prominent terpene in cannabis. It has a very earthy smell and can be associated with the anti-inflammatory and sedative effect obtained from consuming cannabis.

Nail: Titanium instrument attached to a dab rig designed to hold the concentrate for heating and then consumption.

Non-psychoactive: A term used to describe cannabis strains and products that don’t provoke a change or effect in the consumer’s behavior, perception and mental awareness. 

Phenotype: The distinguishable traits and differences between plants of the same genotype. These differences may occur as early as the formation of the individual seed and are mainly due to environmental circumstances. 

Pinene: Pinene is a major terpene found in nature and is mostly associated with the scent of pine needles and fir trees. This terpene is known to enhance mental focus and alertness. Pinene is also a great anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator. 

Pipe: A glass apparatus used to smoke cannabis or tobacco out of.

Pre-roll: Any mechanism of consumption in which the ground cannabis bud is enveloped in a piece of tobacco, hemp or paper wrap. Examples of pre-rolls include blunts and joints. 

Psychoactive: A term used to describe cannabis strains and other cannabis derived products that provoke a change in or affect the consumer’s mind, behavior and perception.

Resin: The flammable gluey residue from burned cannabis. 

Rick Simpson Oil: Originally crafted by cannabis activist Rick Simpson after being diagnosed with skin cancer, Rick Simpson Oil or RSO, is a high THC concentrate created specifically for cancer treatment.

Rosin: A cannabis concentrate that only uses heat and extreme pressure during its extraction process. 

Ruderalis: A subspecies of cannabis that’s bud is high in CBD and very low in THC. 

Sativa: One of the three cannabis species, C. sativa is known for its uplifting properties. When consumed, a sativa strain will act as intense mental stimulant providing great bursts of creativity and happiness. 

Shake: The fragments of flower, stems and leaves that organically fall off and accumulate when handling larger cannabis buds. 

Shatter: A breakable cannabis concentrate who’s consistency resembles glass. 

Solvent: A solvent is the chemical used during the extraction process to strip the cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant in order to make concentrates. 

Solventless: Refers to concentrates that use only a mechanical process and zero solvents during the extraction process. 

Solvent Free: Refers to extracts that use a chemical solvent like butane, ethanol or propane to strip the flower’s cannabinoids and terpenes while removing any undesirable compounds found in the plant, as well. The solvent is later flushed out of the product prior to consumption.

Strain: A specific type or variation of cannabis that’s produced during plant breeding. Landrace strains are pure in their genetics and extremely rare. Most strains on the market are developed by cannabis growers that cross-breed different strains in order to create new ones. 

Sublingual: A type of cannabis product that is consumed orally by applying it under the tongue. 

Terpenes: The aromatic and flavorful molecules in cannabis and other organisms such as fruits and spices. They’re produced in the flower’s resin glands in order to naturally protect the plant from external dangers such as herbivores and insects. 

Terpenoids: Similar to terpenes in fresh cannabis flower, terpenoids are the derivatives found in dried and cured cannabis. 

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol): THC is the cannabinoid responsible for producing the “psychedelic high” normally associated with consuming cannabis. THC can also induce appetite, increase tolerance towards pain, reduce nausea and relax sore muscles.

THC-A (Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid): THC-A is the non-psychoactive precursor of THC before the plant is decarboxylated. THC-A is rich in medicinal benefits and can reduce the growth of tumors and cancer cells, alike.

THC-V (Tetrahydrocannabivarin): THC-V is an extremely rare cannabinoid that works as an anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety. THC-V also acts as an appetite-suppressant. 

Tincture: A type of liquid cannabis extract that can be consumed sublingually or added to a beverage. 

Topical: A type of cannabis product that can be applied topically and absorbed through the skin such as lotions and massage oils. 

Trichome: Trichomes are small, crystalized, mushroom-shaped glands on the cannabis plant. They’re the agents responsible for producing cannabinoids and terpenes. 

Trim: A label referring to cannabis waste such has sugar leaves, seeds and sticks. 

Vape Pen: A vape pen or battery is a separate, portable, electronic device that connects to cannabis cartridges for consumption. In the case of disposable vape pens the cannabis oil is directly installed into the mechanism. 

Vaporizer: An electronic device used for cannabis consumption. Vaporizers come in a variety of shapes and sizes and can be used to vaporize flower, cannabis oils or extracts. 

Water Hash: A type of cannabis concentrate that’s derived by placing the plant matter into mesh bags and then sifting these bags through ice water until the trichomes have separated and can be collected for later use. 

Wax: Another term for cannabis concentrates or extracts with a ‘wax-like’ consistency.

Weed: A very popular colloquial term for cannabis, especially among teens and young adults. 

Whole Plant Method: A technique in which the entire cannabis plant, including leaves and stems, is used during extraction. 

Follow Bianca Blanche on Instagram @thestonedjournalist

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